Mention legal cannabis and many people think of the weed stores that have sprung up in Boston, Denver, Seattle, and other major U.S. cities. Inside, infused brownies and vape pens are sold next to branded joints and neatly packaged bags of marijuana presented in a way that wouldn’t be out of place in any American mall. In Canada, you can even order pot through the mail, and some of the world’s alcohol giants have set up shop there to develop weed beer.
But the business of getting people high is only part of the cannabis craze. Marijuana is still banned for recreational use across much of the world, and even medical access, while expanding, is restricted in most countries. So players in the $340 billion global cannabis market are turning their attention to weed’s less-regulated cousin, hemp.
• THC: Tetrahydrocannabinol is the chemical in marijuana that produces a high.
• CBD: Cannabidiol, a nonintoxicating compound, can be derived from hemp and marijuana.
• Cannabis: Hemp and marijuana are both types of cannabis. Hemp faces fewer restrictions because it’s generally cultivated with lower levels of THC.
Hemp is a strain of cannabis whose fibers have traditionally been used in textiles and rope, and farmers can grow it even in countries with strict drug laws because it has different properties from marijuana. Most important to law enforcement officials, it’s low in THC, the compound that gets you stoned. But businesses are buzzed about its other defining characteristic: a higher concentration of cannabidiol, or CBD, a nonpsychoactive chemical at the center of a wellness trend sweeping the U.S. and expanding worldwide.
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